What is Islam?
Islam is one of the three Abrahamic faiths, meaning that it shares its roots with Christianity and Judaism. Muslims therefore consider Christians and Jews as “People of the Book” because of their shared beliefs. The Arabic word “Islam” means “submission” and is derived from the word “peace”. Islam teaches that one must submit to God (Allah) in order to achieve true peace of mind. The word “Muslim” means one who submits to God’s will. The testimony of faith in Islam is to bear witness that “there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah”.
Muslims base their lives around the Five Pillars of Islam, which are:
- Shahada: The testimony of faith
- Salah: Five daily prayers
- Zakat: Giving to charity for those in need
- Hajj: Performing the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during a lifetime
- Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan